UI Hospitals and Clinics

Neurology

Neuropsychology Frequently Asked Questions
We answer some of your frequently asked questions about neuropsychology.
Phenobarbital
Phenobarbital is an anticonvulsant drug that has been used since 1912 and it is still one of the better drugs for this purpose. Phenobarbital is used to treat infants (ages 0-1 year) with any type of seizure disorder, and other children with generalized, partial or febrile seizures. It is also used for treatment of status epilepticus (seizures lasting greater than 15 minutes).
Lumbar Puncture Test
Learn about the Lumbar Puncture Test (or a spinal tap), from basic definitions to after the test instructions.
Insomnia: Frequently Asked Questions
Find out all you need to know about how to sleep through the night.
Depakene (Valproic Acid) and Depakote (Divalproex Sodium)
Depakene and Depakote are closely related drugs used for the treatment of petit mal, grand mal, mixed and akinetic-myoclonic seizures. (For convenience, we will refer to Depakene in the remainder of this information sheet, however, the drugs are interchangable except where noted).
Lamictal (Lamotrigine)
Lamictal is an antiepileptic drug used in combination with other anticonvulsant drugs to treat partial seizures.
A Guide to Stroke Risk Factors and Treatment
Stroke is a leading cause of death and disability in the United States and throughout the world, know the general information, risk factors, and treatments to a stroke.
Brain Tumors: Frequently Asked Questions
Symptoms and information anybody concerned about a brain tumor should read.
Video EEG Monitoring Test (VEEG)
The Video EEG Monitoring Test is a more specialized form of an EEG test in which the patient is constantly monitored over a video screen. This allows doctors to observe brainwave activity during the time a seizure or spell is occurring.
Managing Risk Factors and Early Intervention Can Lessen Stroke Impact
A need-to-know list of risk factors, symptoms, and early intervention strategies that can lessen stroke impact.
Somatosensory Evoked Potential Test (SEP)
This guide describes what the SEP test is used for, procedures, and other frequently asked questions.
Epilepsy: Frequently Asked Questions
Your questions about Epilepsy answered.
Neurology
Dementia Fact Sheet
Dementia is an umbrella term that is used to describe the symptoms that people with brain disorders or damage may have with memory, thinking, and language. Alzheimer’s disease is the most common type of dementia, affecting between 60 and 80 percent of Americans with dementia.
Stroke Fact Sheet
A stroke occurs when blood flow to a part of the brain stops. A stroke is sometimes called a “brain attack.” If blood flow is cut off for longer than a few seconds, the brain cannot get blood and oxygen. Brain cells can die, causing lasting damage. There are two major types of stroke. The first type is called an ischemic stroke, which occurs when a blood vessel that supplies blood to the brain is blocked by a blood clot. This may happen in two ways: A clot may form in an artery that is already very narrow. This is called a thrombotic stroke. Or, a clot may break off from another place in the blood vessels of the brain, or from some other part of the body, and travel up to the brain. This is called cerebral embolism, or an embolic stroke. The second type of stroke is a hemorrhagic stroke, which occurs when a blood vessel in part of the brain becomes weak and bursts open. This causes blood to leak into the brain. Some people have defects in the blood vessels of the brain that make this more likely. These defects may include an aneurysm or arteriovenous malformation Types of Stroke Ischemic stroke: occurs when a blood vessel that supplies blood to the brain is blocked by a blood clot. This may happen in two ways: A clot may form in an artery that is already very narrow. This is called a thrombotic stroke. Or, a clot may break off from another place in the blood vessels of the brain, or from some other part of the body, and travel up to the brain. This is called cerebral embolism, or an embolic stroke. Hemorrhagic stroke: occurs when a blood vessel in part of the brain becomes weak and bursts open. This causes blood to leak into the brain. Some people have defects in the blood vessels of the brain that make this more likely. These defects may include: an aneurysm or arteriovenous malformation (AVM). Symptoms Stroke symptoms in both men and women: Sudden numbness or weakness of face, arm or leg (especially on one side of the body) Sudden confusion, trouble speaking or understanding Sudden trouble seeing in one or both eyes Sudden trouble walking, dizziness, loss of balance or coordination Sudden severe headache with no known cause Women may report unique stroke symptoms: Loss of consciousness or fainting General weakness Difficulty or shortness of breath Confusion, unresponsive or disorientation Sudden behavioral change Agitation Hallucination Nausea or vomiting Pain Seizures Hiccups Prevention Do not smoke. Control your cholesterol levels. Control high blood pressure. Control diabetes. Exercise at least 30 minutes a day. Maintain a healthy weight. Limit alcohol.