UI Hospitals and Clinics

Orthopedics

Instructions for Patients Wearing a Cast
A useful guide that shows how to care for both synthetic and plaster casts.
High Arches: You Don't Have to Live with the Pain
Frederick Dietz, MD provides information on how to deal with arch pain.
Back Pain After Falling on Ice
Some suggestions about how to take care of a back injury from falling.
Knee Arthroscopy: A Patient Guide
Knee injuries are becoming more prevalent among the general population. This booklet covers knee anatomy, typical knee injuries, treatment choices, and rehabilitation.
Orthopedics
Bone and Joint Health - Patient Education Back Pain After Falling on Ice Total Knee Replacement: A Patient Guide
Osteoporosis Fact Sheet
When a person has osteoporosis, those pores become much larger and make the bones brittle and weak.
Hip Impingement
Hip impingement is also known as Femoro Acetabular Impingement, or FAI. The hip is a ball-and-socket joint. The ball at the top of the leg bone is called the femoral ball. It fits into the socket, called the acetabulum, which is in the pelvis bone. Hip impingement occurs when either the ball or the socket has an abnormal shape that makes the two bones impinge or bump against each other. This causes damage to the hip joint. Symptoms Hip impingement may cause a general ache around the hip, or it could cause more specific types of pain, such as: Pain deep in the groin Pain on the outside of the hip Pain during movements such as twisting or squatting Causes and Risk Factors Hip impingement is caused by bones that did not grow normally during childhood. Treatment Options If the pain from hip impingement is not severe, your doctor may recommend resting the hip and taking anti-inflammatory medicine such as ibuprofen. If your hip impingement pain does not go away or if it becomes worse, your doctor may want to take X-rays to find out what part of your hip is causing the pain. Hip impingement is sometimes treated with arthroscopic surgery, which involves the doctor inserting instruments into small incisions near your hip and trimming parts of the bones that are rubbing together. Alternatively, an open ‘surgical hip dislocation’ surgery may be recommended if there is a significant hip impingement deformity.
Fractures around a Hip Replacement or Knee Replacement
A fracture in the bone around a hip replacement or knee replacement may occur after the hip or knee was replaced. In many cases, the replaced joint works normally for years before the fracture happens. A fracture near a hip replacement or knee replacement is also known as a periprosthetic fracture. Symptoms Symptoms of a fracture near a replaced hip or knee joint: Pain near the replaced joint after a fall or trauma Swelling or bruising Inability to put weight on the leg The leg looks deformed Causes and Risk Factors Fractures around hip replacements and knee replacements are often caused by a fall or a direct blow to the leg or joint. People who have conditions that weaken their bones, such as osteoporosis or rheumatoid arthritis, are at a greater risk for this type of fracture, because the bone around the replacement will be more likely to break. Other risk factors are poor vision or poor balance, since these conditions can make a fall more likely. Treatment Options In most cases, a fracture around a hip replacement or a knee replacement will require surgery. In general, the surgery will likely involve one of the following: Screws, cables, plates, or a bone graft that are applied to the fracture to fix and hold the bone together The implant from the original joint replacement is removed and replaced with a new implant The treatment your doctor recommends will depend on several factors, including: The location of the fracture The quality of the remaining bone around the fracture and the implant Whether the replaced joint is still well-fixed or came loose because of the fracture Your overall health
Failed Hip Replacement
A hip replacement may last for 20 years or more, but sometimes a hip replacement can fail. This can happen because the bearing wears out, the replacement parts fail or because there is a problem with the tissue or bones around the replaced joint. Symptoms When your hip replacement fails, you may feel pain in the joint, or the joint may not move the way it normally does, and it becomes unstable. Causes and Risk Factors A hip replacement may fail for reasons such as: Loosening of the implant from the bone after years of wear and tear Worn-out bearings of the replacement parts due to time or an overly active lifestyle Infection in the joint Injury with a fracture Repeated dislocations of the replaced hip Treatment Options Treatment of a failed hip replacement often requires surgery, depending on the type of failure.
Failed Knee Replacement
A knee replacements should last for 15 to 20 years or more. But sometimes a knee replacement can fail after years of wear and tear on the replacement parts. Symptoms When a knee replacement fails, the knee may become painful, swollen, and unstable. Causes and Risk Factors A failed knee replacement can be caused by: Loosening of the replacement parts due to wear and tear Worn-out bearings of the replacement parts due to time or an overly active lifestyle Infection in the joint Injury with a fracture or a rupture of the tendons that straighten the knee Treatment Options A failed knee replacement may require surgery. The type of surgery depends on what caused the knee replacement to fail. The surgery may be necessary to repair tissue or to remove an infection. Or you have have surgery to replace the original replacement parts.
sidebar: Knee Replacement clinic page
Knee Replacement Library Failed Hip Replacement Failed Knee Replacement Fractures around a Hip Replacement or Knee Replacement Hip Impingement Orthopedic Resources Orthopedic Health Topics Orthopedics Clinic
Common Bone and Joint Conditions
Did you know the human body has more than 200 bones? And more than 200 joints that connect these bones? We don’t stop to consider how all these components work together to allow us to walk, run, jump, climb, dance and swim... until we find ourselves a spectator in our own lives. Osteoarthritis Osteoarthritis (OA) is the most common joint disorder. OA occurs when the cartilage between two joints wears down so the bones rub together, resulting in swelling and stiffness. Symptoms usually appear in middle age, and almost everyone has some symptoms by the age of 70. Symptoms: Joint pain and swelling Joint stiffness (especially in the morning) Causes: Family history Being overweight Fractures or other joint injuries Overuse Playing sports that involve direct impact on the joint Certain medical conditions can also affect joint health Prevention Don't overuse a painful joint at work or during activities Maintain a normal body weight Strengthen muscles around weight-bearing joints Rheumatoid Arthritis Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a long-term, autoimmune disease that leads to inflammation of the joints and surrounding tissues. RA can occur at any age, but is more common in middle age. Symptoms: Morning stiffness that lasts more than one hour Pain affecting the same joint on both sides of the body Joints that feel warm, tender, and stiff when they haven't been used for an hour Cause: The cause of RA is unknown. Infection, genes, and hormone changes may be linked to the disease. Prevention There is no known prevention. Smoking cigarettes appears to worsen RA, so it is important to avoid tobacco. Early treatment can help prevent further joint damage.