This small organ-about the size of a pea-is known as the body's master gland. Located at the base of the brain, it makes:
Prolactin, which stimulates milk production after childbirth
Growth hormone, which stimulates growth in childhood and is important for maintaining muscle and bone mass
Adrenocorticotropin (ACTH), which stimulates production of cortisol by the adrenal glands
Thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH), which stimulates the thyroid gland
Antidiuretic hormone (ADH), which regulates water balance in your body
Luteinizing hormone (LH), which regulates testosterone in men and estrogen in women
Follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH), which promotes sperm production in men and stimulates the ovaries to enable ovulation in women
Often, the cause of pituitary disorders is pituitary gland tumors that interfere with the normal formation and release of hormones. These tumors are fairly common in adults. They are not brain tumors and are not cancer. The tumors can cause production of too much or too little, in either case creating a hormonal imbalance.
Our team members treat pituitary gland disorders by hormone therapy, surgery or radiation therapy.