A hip replacement is a type of surgery in which parts of a damaged or diseased hip joint are removed and replaced with parts made of metal, plastic, or ceramic. Hip replacement surgery is also known as hip arthroplasty.
The main symptoms of a hip that needs to be replaced are extreme pain and stiffness. When everyday activities like walking and climbing stairs become too difficult to do because of pain, your doctor may recommend hip replacement surgery.
Age is a major risk factor. Most people who have a hip replaced are between the ages 50 and 80.
The most common reason for a hip replacement is osteoarthritis. Osteoarthritis is a disease that damages the cartilage that helps joints move smoothly. When that cartilage breaks down, the bones in the joint begin to rub against each other. This can lead to pain and stiffness.
Other causes include:
Your doctor will usually try other options before recommending hip replacement. These include:
If other treatments don’t help, your doctor may take an X-ray of your hip to determine if a hip replacement is likely to be a good option for you.
Some health conditions may cause your doctor to choose not to recommend hip replacement. Some of those include:
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