UI Hospitals and Clinics

Hip Replacement

A hip replacement is a type of surgery in which parts of a damaged or diseased hip joint are removed and replaced with parts made of metal, plastic, or ceramic. Hip replacement surgery is also known as hip arthroplasty.


The main symptoms of a hip that needs to be replaced are extreme pain and stiffness. When everyday activities like walking and climbing stairs become too difficult to do because of pain, your doctor may recommend hip replacement surgery.

Causes and Risk Factors

Age is a major risk factor. Most people who have a hip replaced are between the ages 50 and 80.

The most common reason for a hip replacement is osteoarthritis. Osteoarthritis is a disease that damages the cartilage that helps joints move smoothly. When that cartilage breaks down, the bones in the joint begin to rub against each other. This can lead to pain and stiffness.

Other causes include:

  • Rheumatoid arthritis, which causes pain and swelling in joints
  • Osteonecrosis, which causes the bone in joints to deteriorate
  • Injuries
  • Bone tumors

Treatment Options

Your doctor will usually try other options before recommending hip replacement. These include:

  • Using a cane or some other device to help with walking
  • Exercise to strengthen the hip joint
  • Medications to relieve pain

If other treatments don’t help, your doctor may take an X-ray of your hip to determine if a hip replacement is likely to be a good option for you.

Some health conditions may cause your doctor to choose not to recommend hip replacement. Some of those include:

  • Parkinson’s disease
  • A disease that causes muscle weakness
  • Generally poor health

Expertise in knee and hip replacement earned us Wellmark Blue Cross Blue Distinction® Center+ designation

Care Team

Orthopedic Physicians

Orthopedic Oncologist

Nurse Practitioners