Treatment of pulmonary hypertension depends on the cause. If the cause is left heart disease or lung disease, the focus is on treating the underlying disease. If the pulmonary hypertension is from chronic blood clots, the best treatment is blood thinners and possibly surgery. This type of surgery is only done in a few places in the world.
Medications used to treat pulmonary arterial hypertension come in several forms: oral (pill), inhaled, and infusions in a vein or under the skin. We will discuss all treatment options with you to determine which one is best for your condition and lifestyle.
- Conventional therapies
- Calcium channel blockers
- Water pills
- Blood thinners in selected patients
- Pulmonary rehabilitation
- Specialized medicines
- Prostacyclins: stimulate cells that cause blood vessels to expand
- Endothelin Receptor Antagonists (ERAs): block endothelin, which is a chemical that causes blood vessels to narrow
- Phosphodiesterase 5 Inhibitors (PDE-5 inhibitors): relax the walls of blood vessels
- Soluble guanylate cyclase (sGC) stimulators: stimulate chemicals in the lungs that relax the blood vessels
- Surgical therapies