CA-2 residents have a required 2-week echocardiography (echo) rotation; CA3 residents may elect additional echo time. The rotation focuses on intraoperative transesophageal echocardiography for estimation of ventricular and valvular function. Residents on the echo rotation participate in intraoperative echo assessment of cardiac surgical patients; additionally, they are encouraged to attend the weekly cardiology echo conference and participate with transthoracic and transesophageal exams in the cardiology echo clinic. This is a popular required and elective rotation for UI residents. It is possible for residents to perform sufficiently well that they qualify for (and pass) the Basic PTE exam.