Post-Doctoral Pre-Residency Clinical Training

  • We currently have a vacancy and are accepting applications for the Post-Doctoral Pre-Residency Clinical Training.
  • PDCT Application


The program was instituted in 2004 and there have been 14 individuals who have completed the training program since its inception.


One year with an optional second year at the discretion of the Program Director based on performance.

Prerequisite Training and Selection Criteria

Medical Degree, passed USMLE Steps I and II for J1 visa and Steps I, II, and III for H1b visa, and hold an ECFMG certification.

Goals and Objectives for Training

The post-doctoral, pre-residency clinical training program (PDCT) provides trainees an opportunity to gain clinical skills and experience in academic neurosurgery in preparation for categorical neurosurgical residency training. Trainees participate fully in the clinical and teaching activities of the department, and work closely with the residency training program. Trainees are supervised by internationally recognized faculty members and receive extensive exposure to the full range of clinical neurosurgery.

Program Certification

Accredited residency program by the ACGME

Teaching Staff

All neurosurgical clinical faculty, physician extenders, and residents participate in the PDCT. At present, faculty includes:

  • Brian Dlouhy, MD
  • Jeremy Greenlee, MD
  • David Hasan, MD
  • Matthew Howard III, MD (Head)
  • Hiroto Kawasaki, MD
  • Arnold Menezes, MD
  • Hiroyuki Oya, MD
  • Chandan Reddy, MD
  • Saul Wilson, MD

The program ensures that trainees assume progressively increasing responsibility according to each trainee’s level of education, ability and experience. The appropriate level is determined by the teaching staff, as approved by the Program Director. Faculty supervision assignments are of sufficient duration to assess the knowledge and skills of each resident so that the supervising faculty can appropriately delegate to each trainee the authority and responsibility for portions of care based on the needs of the patient and the skills of the trainee. Supervision does not equate merely to the presence of more senior physicians or with the absence of independent decision making on the part of trainees. These supervision standards encompass the concepts of graded authority, responsibility and conditional independence that are the foundation of delegation of authority to more senior trainees, similar to the residency program.

Educational Program (Basic Curriculum)

The 12-month PDCT curriculum is based on the presence of two trainees. Each trainee completes six months of primarily inpatient education, and six-months of primarily outpatient education on a rotational basis. For the inpatient 4-week blocks, trainees integrate into the clinical resident team. As such, they are under the direction of the chief residents to learn peri-operative and inpatient management of all neurosurgical patients and disease. Trainees participate in morning work and teaching rounds, assist with patient admission, discharge, consultation, and transfer throughout the hospital. During outpatient 4-week blocks, trainees work directly with faculty in their clinics. Trainees learn patient assessment and examination skills, diagnostic testing and imaging work-up and interpretation, and treatment plan formulation.

Trainee attendance is mandatory at all departmental teaching conferences. Very limited operative educational opportunities exist for trainees.

Current Trainees

Youssef Hamade portrait

Youssef Hamade, MD

Steven Wakeman portrait

Steven Wakeman, MD

Contact Us

University of Iowa Hospitals and Clinics
Neurological Surgery
200 Hawkins Drive
Iowa City, IA 52242

Phone: 319-356-2771
Fax: 319-353-6605
Program email:

Program Director: Jeremy DW Greenlee, MD
Alternate Program Contact: Kathy Escher