Parathyroid glands control the amount of calcium in the blood and bones so that the nervous and muscular systems can function properly.
The single major disease of parathyroid glands is an overactive (hyperparathyroidism) parathyroid gland. The parathyroid glands continue to make large amounts of parathyroid hormone, even when the calcium level is normal. Over-production of parathyroid hormone can make you feel run down and tired, cause osteoporosis and other problems.
The most common cause of excess hormone production is the development of a benign (non-cancerous) tumor in one of the parathyroid glands.
The dangers of hyperparathyroidism include:
- Severe osteoporosis and osteopenia
- Bone fractures
- Peptic ulcers
- Nervous system complaints
- Kidney stones
The surgical removal of the enlarged parathyroid gland (or glands) is the main treatment for the disorder. Our surgeons provide excellent, personalized care to patients with endocrine diseases. In the last five years, our surgeons performed 400 parathyroid surgeries.