Esophageal cancer forms in the tube that carries food from your mouth to your stomach. About 13,000 men and 3,500 women are diagnosed with this condition every year. There are two main types of esophageal cancer:
- Adenocarcinoma - usually located in the lower part of the esophagus and close to the stomach. It is the most common form of esophageal cancer in the United States, and its prevalence has been increasing since the 1970s.
- Squamous cell carcinoma- usually located in the upper part of the esophagus.
Experts at Holden Comprehensive Cancer Center understand esophageal cancer and work as a team to design the best treatment plan. A typical team is made up of gastroenterologists, surgeons, medical oncologists, radiation oncologists, social workers, nurses, and dietitians. Treatment plans may include:
- Clinical trials
- Electrocoagualtion - uses electric current to destroy cancer cells
- Laser therapy - uses high-intensity light to destroy cancer cells
- Radiation therapy - external or internal beam
- Esophagectomy: removal part or all of the esophagus. When possible, our surgeons use minimally invasive surgery to promote quicker healing when removing cancerous tissue
- Stent placement: a tube made of a metal mesh or plastic is inserted by a doctor to open a blocked area. A stent allows food and liquids to move freely into the stomach