Signos vitales

Definición

Los signos vitales comprenden el ritmo cardíaco, la frecuencia respiratoria, la temperatura y la presión arterial. El médico puede observar, medir y vigilar sus signos vitales para evaluar su nivel de funcionamiento físico.

Los signos vitales normales cambian con la edad, el sexo, el peso, la tolerancia al ejercicio y la salud general.

Los rangos normales de los signos vitales para un adulto sano promedio mientras está en reposo son:

  • Presión arterial: 90/60 mm/Hg hasta 120/80 mm/Hg.
  • Respiración: 12 a 18 respiraciones por minuto.
  • Pulso: 60 a 100 latidos por minuto.
  • Temperatura: 36.5-37.2° C (97.8-99.1° F)/promedio de 37º C (98.6° F).

Figures

Pulso del cuello

Referencias

Simel DL. Approach to the patient: history and physical examination. In: Goldman L, Schafer AI, eds. Goldman’s Cecil Medicine. 24th ed. Philadelphia, Pa: Saunders Elsevier; 2011:chap 6.

Revision

Last reviewed 1/21/2013 by Linda J. Vorvick, MD, Medical Director and Director of Didactic Curriculum, MEDEX Northwest Division of Physician Assistant Studies, Department of Family Medicine, UW Medicine, School of Medicine, University of Washington. Also reviewed by A.D.A.M. Health Solutions, Ebix, Inc., Editorial Team: David Zieve, MD, MHA, David R. Eltz, Stephanie Slon, and Nissi Wang.

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