Glándulas suprarrenales

Definición

Son glándulas de forma triangular ubicadas en la parte superior de los riñones.

La parte externa de la glándula suprarrenal se denomina corteza y produce hormonas esteroides como cortisol, aldosterona y testosterona. La parte interna de la glándula se denomina médula y produce epinefrina y norepinefrina, que frecuentemente se denominan adrenalina y noradrenalina.

Cuando las glándulas producen más o menos hormonas de lo que el cuerpo necesita, uno puede enfermarse.

Información

Temas relacionados:

Figures

Referencias

Parker KL, Rainey WE. The adrenal glands. In: Griffin JE, Ojeda SR, eds. Textbook of Endocrine Physiology. New York: Oxford University Press; 2004:319-348.

Revision

Last reviewed 12/11/2011 by Nancy J. Rennert, MD, Chief of Endocrinology & Diabetes, Norwalk Hospital, Associate Clinical Professor of Medicine, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, CT. Review provided by VeriMed Healthcare Network. Also reviewed by David Zieve, MD, MHA, Medical Director, A.D.A.M., Inc.

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