Diuresis osmótica

Definición

Es el aumento de la micción debido a la presencia de ciertas substancias en el líquido filtrado por los riñones. Este líquido finalmente se convierte en orina. Estas sustancias provocan que llegue agua adicional a la orina, lo que incrementa su cantidad.

Causas

La diuresis osmótica puede ser causada por:

  • Nivel de azúcar (glucosa) elevado en la sangre
  • Uso de ciertos medicamentos, como el manitol

Figures

Sistema urinario masculino

Referencias

Landry DW, Bazari H. Approach to the patient with renal disease. In: Goldman L, Schafer AI, eds. Cecil Medicine. 24th ed. Philadelphia, Pa: Saunders Elsevier; 2011:chap 116.

Kamel KS, Davids MR, Lin S-H, Halperin ML. Interpretation of electrolyte and acid-base parameters in blood and urine. In: Taal MW, Chertow GM, Marsden PA, Skorecki K, Yu ASL, Brenner BM, eds. Brenner & Rector's The Kidney. 9th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Saunders Elsevier; 2011:chap 26.

Revision

Last reviewed 9/3/2012 by David C. Dugdale, III, MD, Professor of Medicine, Division of General Medicine, Department of Medicine, University of Washington School of Medicine. Also reviewed by David Zieve, MD, MHA, Medical Director, A.D.A.M. Health Solutions, Ebix, Inc.

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