Defectos genéticos recesivos ligados al cromosoma X

Existen varios trastornos genéticos recesivos asociados al cromosoma X, tales como la hemofilia y la distrofia muscular. éstos se heredan a través de un defecto genético en el cromosoma X. La mujer tiene dos cromosomas X, uno heredado de su madre y otro del padre. El hombre posee un cromosoma X procedente de su madre y un cromosoma Y heredado del padre. Si una mujer presenta un defecto en uno de sus cromosomas X y el cromosoma X del padre es normal, existe un 25% de posibilidades por cada embarazo de tener: una niña sana, una niña portadora del defecto, un niño sano, o un niño con el trastorno.Defectos genéticos recesivos ligados al cromosoma X

Revision

Last reviewed 2/1/2012 by Neil K. Kaneshiro, MD, MHA, Clinical Assistant Professor of Pediatrics, University of Washington School of Medicine; and Benjamin Seckler, MD, Diagnostic Radiologist, Poughkeepsie, NY, and President of Charley's Fund; and Luc Jasmin, MD, PhD, Department of Neurosurgery at Cedars-Sinai Medical Center, Los Angeles, and Department of Anatomy at UCSF, San Francisco, CA. Review provided by VeriMed Healthcare Network. Also reviewed by David Zieve, MD, MHA, Medical Director, A.D.A.M. Health Solutions, Ebix, Inc.

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