La inflamación de las encías es llamada gingivitis. Las bacterias presentes en la placa que rodea los dientes liberan las enzimas colagenasas, las cuales pueden dañar y erosionar los tejidos de las encías. Las encías infectadas se inflaman, sangran con facilidad, se retraen y se separan de los dientes. La gingivitis causa la pérdida de los dientes con mayor frecuencia que la caries dental.Gingivitis


Last reviewed 3/22/2013 by Ashutosh Kacker, MD, BS, Associate Professor of Otolaryngology, Weill Cornell Medical College, and Associate Attending Otolaryngologist, New York-Presbyterian Hospital, New York, NY. Review provided by VeriMed Healthcare Network. Also reviewed by A.D.A.M. Health Solutions, Ebix, Inc., Editorial Team: David Zieve, MD, MHA, Bethanne Black, Stephanie Slon, and Nissi Wang.


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