Translocación

Definición

Es un cambio en la localización. Generalmente se refiere a translocaciones genéticas, en las cuales parte de un cromosoma se transfiere a otro cromosoma. Este tipo de translocación produce cromosomas modificados y con frecuencia defectuosos. En otro tipo de translocación, dos cromosomas intercambiarán partes entre sí.

Las translocaciones genéticas pueden causar trastornos graves, entre ellos, un tipo de leucemia mielógena crónica.

Figures

Cromosomas y ADN

Revision

Last reviewed 8/5/2011 by David C. Dugdale, III, MD, Professor of Medicine, Division of General Medicine, Department of Medicine, University of Washington School of Medicine. Also reviewed by David Zieve, MD, MHA, Medical Director, A.D.A.M., Inc.

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