Examen físico

Definición

Durante un examen físico (exploración física), el médico estudia su cuerpo para determinar si usted tiene o no un problema físico.

Un examen físico por lo general comprende:

  • Inspección (observar el cuerpo).
  • Palpación (sentir el cuerpo con los dedos o las manos).
  • Auscultación (escuchar los sonidos).
  • Percusión (producir sonidos, generalmente dando golpes suaves en áreas específicas del cuerpo).

Referencias

Simel DL. Approach to the patient: history and physical examination.In: Goldman L, Schafer AI, eds. Goldman’s Cecil Medicine. 24th ed. Philadelphia, Pa: Saunders Elsevier; 2011:chap 6.

Revision

Last reviewed 1/21/2013 by Linda J. Vorvick, MD, Medical Director and Director of Didactic Curriculum, MEDEX Northwest Division of Physician Assistant Studies, Department of Family Medicine, UW Medicine, School of Medicine, University of Washington. Also reviewed by A.D.A.M. Health Solutions, Ebix, Inc., Editorial Team: David Zieve, MD, MHA, David R. Eltz, Stephanie Slon, and Nissi Wang.

Disclaimers

  • The information provided herein should not be used during any medical emergency or for the diagnosis or treatment of any medical condition.
  • A licensed medical professional should be consulted for diagnosis and treatment of any and all medical conditions.
  • Call 911 for all medical emergencies.
  • Links to other sites are provided for information only -- they do not constitute endorsements of those other sites.

©1997 - A.D.A.M., Inc.Any duplication or distribution of the information contained herein is strictly prohibited.adam.com