Type 2 diabetes guide

Over 20 million Americans have diabetes and almost one-third are not aware that they have it. Uncontrolled diabetes can lead to heart disease, kidney failure, leg infections, and other serious health problems. In fact, diabetes is the leading cause of blindness in the United States.

By following the steps below and working with your healthcare team, you can prevent or control diabetes and even reduce your risk of long-term complications.

I. Understanding Your DiabetesStep 1: What is diabetes?Step 2: Who gets type 2 diabetes?Step 3: How do you know if you have diabetes?II. Managing Your DiabetesStep 4: You're in charge - design a treatment planStep 5: Monitor your blood sugarStep 6: Lose weight and follow the right dietStep 7: ExerciseStep 8: Drugs and insulinIII. Knowing the Consequences of DiabetesStep 9: Treat low blood sugarStep 10: Avoid long-term complications

More Information

Are you overweight?

Counting carbohydrates

Gestational diabetes

Glycemic index

How to read a food label

Keeping track of your medications

Metabolic syndrome

Sweeteners and sugar substitutes

The Mediterranean diet

Type 2 diabetes drug index

Types of insulin


Emergency warning signs

Calorie and fiber charts

Track your weight-loss goals


Last reviewed 7/8/2012 by Nancy J. Rennert, MD, Chief of Endocrinology & Diabetes, Norwalk Hospital, Associate Clinical Professor of Medicine, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, CT. Review provided by VeriMed Healthcare Network. Previoulsy reviewed by Ari S. Eckman, MD, Division of Endocrinology and Metabolism, Johns Hopkins School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD. Review provided by VeriMed Healthcare Network. (5/13/2010)


  • The information provided herein should not be used during any medical emergency or for the diagnosis or treatment of any medical condition.
  • A licensed medical professional should be consulted for diagnosis and treatment of any and all medical conditions.
  • Call 911 for all medical emergencies.
  • Links to other sites are provided for information only -- they do not constitute endorsements of those other sites.

©1997 - A.D.A.M., Inc.Any duplication or distribution of the information contained herein is strictly prohibited.adam.com