Fusion of the ear bones
Fusion of the ear bones is the joining of the bones of the inner ear -- the incus, malleus, and stapes bones.
Fusion may be caused by:
- Birth (congenital) defect
Fusion of the bones leads to hearing loss, because the bones are not moving and vibrating in reaction to sound waves.
Torres AI, Backous DD. Clinical assessment and surgical treatment of conductive hearing loss. In Cummings CW, Flint PW, Haughey BH, et al. eds. Otolaryngology: Head and Neck Surgery 5th ed. Philadelphia, Pa: Mosby Elsevier; 2010:chap 143.
House JW, Cunningham CD III. Otosclerosis. In Cummings CW, Flint PW, Haughey BH, et al. eds. Otolaryngology: Head and Neck Surgery. 5th ed. Philadelphia, Pa: Mosby Elsevier; 2010:chap 144.
O’Handley JG, Tobin EJ, Shah AR. Otorhinolaryngology. In: Rakel RE, ed. Textbook of Family Medicine. 8th ed. Philadelphia, Pa: Saunders Elsevier; 2011:chap 19.
Last reviewed 8/30/2012 by Seth Schwartz, MD, MPH, Otolaryngologist, Virginia Mason Medical Center, Seattle, Washington. Also reviewed by David Zieve, MD, MHA, Medical Director, A.D.A.M. Health Solutions, Ebix, Inc.
- The information provided herein should not be used during any medical emergency or for the diagnosis or treatment of any medical condition.
- A licensed medical professional should be consulted for diagnosis and treatment of any and all medical conditions.
- Call 911 for all medical emergencies.
- Links to other sites are provided for information only -- they do not constitute endorsements of those other sites.
Any duplication or distribution of the information contained herein is strictly prohibited.